While divorce is a traumatic experience for children, it does not always cause permanent wounds. There are a number of protective factors that are linked to the resilience of children who experience divorce.
These factors include;
- The parenting of the custodial parent
- The involvement and relationship children have with the noncustodial parent
- The relationship of co-parents
- The level of conflict between parents
- Environmental factors
- Involvement of social supports
- Relationships between siblings
- Economic security
A major predictor of child adjustment is often related to the psychological adjustment of the custodial parent, as well as the quality of parenting. An authoritative parent with a warm, supportive, responsive, and communicative attitude towards their children provides an environment that boosts resilience. Warm parenting has been found to be just as beneficial as co-parent relationships. Parental warmth can protect children from emotional problems such as anxiety and depression following separation or divorce. Discipline techniques that are sound and consistent can help to create stability and predictability for children. In some cases, these children are more academically and emotionally successful than children in homes that are not as loving.
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